El Gobierno de Canarias está compuesto por el Presidente, el Vicepresidente y los Consejeros. En la cúspide administrativa —y como exponente del poder ejecutivo autonómico— se encuentra el Gobierno de Canarias. There has been speculation that the abundance of roccella tinctoria on the Canary Islands offered a profit motive for Jean de Béthencourt during his conquest of the islands. Agosto de 2017", "Candelaria se prepara para recibir en agosto a 150.000 devotos de la Virgen", "El Heliodoro Rodríguez López cumple 90 años", The butterflies of the Canary Islands. Royal conquest (Conquista realenga). [92] A total of 80.6%, or 1,735,457, were born in Spain and 19.4%, or 417,932, were born outside the country. As one travels east toward the African coast, the influence of the current diminishes, and the islands become increasingly arid. The Church of El Salvador survives as one of the island's finest examples of the architecture of the 16th century. The archipelago includes many smaller islands and islets: Alegranza, Isla de Lobos, Montaña Clara, Roque del Oeste, and Roque del Este. Three more railway lines are being planned for the Canary Islands: The Servicio Canario de Salud is an autonomous body of administrative nature attached to the Ministry responsible for Health of the Government of the Canary Islands. [21], During the time of the Spanish Empire, the Canaries were the main stopover for Spanish galleons on their way to the Americas, which came south to catch the prevailing northeasterly trade winds. However, it is believed that some of these species may have bred in the islands in the past, and there are records of several sightings of leatherback sea turtle on beaches in Fuerteventura, adding credibility to the theory. [29] The antipodes of the Canary Islands are found in the Pacific Ocean, between New Zealand, New Caledonia, Australia and the ocean.[30]. The Immaculate Conception is the Saint Patron of Spain. Gran Canaria, with 865,070 inhabitants, is both the Canary Islands' second most populous island, and the third most populous one in Spain after Majorca and Tenerife. However, outside of a few municipalities, these organisations were a minority and fell easily to Nationalist forces during the Spanish Civil War. Located in the geographic centre of the island of Tenerife, it is the most visited national park in Spain. In 1983, the first autonomous elections were held. La Gomera has an area of 369.76 km2 (142.77 sq mi) and is the second least populous island with 21,136 inhabitants. Catholic festival. [61] From the 14th century onward, numerous visits were made by sailors from Majorca, Portugal and Genoa. The Dutch then laid siege to the city, demanding the surrender of all its wealth. Fast ferries are made of aluminium and powered by modern and efficient diesel engines, while conventional ferries have a steel hull and are powered by heavy oil. [citation needed] Additionally, the EU allows the Canary Islands Government to offer special tax concessions for investors who incorporate under the Zona Especial Canaria (ZEC) regime and create more than five jobs. As this is administratively difficult and politically unpalatable, most action is currently directed at increasing the public offer of water through import from outside; a decision which is economically, politically and environmentally questionable. [11] The precipitation levels and the level of maritime moderation vary depending on location and elevation. Diríjase a cualquiera de las oficinas de registro del Gobierno de Canarias, así como a los demás registros regulados por el art 16.4 de la Ley 39/2015, de 1 de octubre, del Procedimiento Administrativo Común de las Administraciones Públicas. During the time of the Second Spanish Republic, Marxist and anarchist workers' movements began to develop, led by figures such as Jose Miguel Perez and Guillermo Ascanio. The majority of the archipelago's hospitals belong to this organization:[126]. "Evaluation of the Threat of Mega Tsunami Generation from Postulated Massive Slope Failure of Island Stratovolcanoes on La Palma, Canary Islands, and on The Island of Hawaii, George". A typical ferry ride between La Palma and Tenerife may take up to eight hours or more while a fast ferry takes about two and a half hours and between Tenerife and Gran Canaria can be about one hour. Two of the islands' principal cities are located on it: The capital, Santa Cruz de Tenerife and San Cristóbal de La Laguna (a World Heritage Site). The subsequent phase is known as the Castilian Conquest, carried out by Castilian nobles who acquired, through purchases, assignments and marriages, the previously conquered islands and also incorporated the island of La Gomera around 1450. Only 6.1% of the respondents consider themselves only Canarian. It is celebrated on the streets between the months of February and March. This refers to the early conquests carried out by the nobility, for their own benefit and without the direct participation of the Crown of Castile, which merely granted rights of conquest in exchange for pacts of vassalage between the noble conqueror and the Crown. Ejercer la iniciativa, dirección e inspección de todos los servicios de la Consejería y las facultades que le correspondan respecto de los organismos autónomos adscritos a la misma. La norma continúa con una larga lista de atribuciones, a imagen y semejanza de la legislación estatal para la Administración del Estado. This defines the conquest between 1478 and 1496, carried out directly by the Crown of Castile, during the reign of the Catholic Monarchs, who armed and partly financed the conquest of those islands which were still unconquered: Gran Canaria, La Palma and Tenerife. [78] Although, because the period of splendor of these cities developed before the total conquest of the archipelago and its incorporation into the Crown of Castile never had a political and real control of the entire Canary archipelago. 3. La delegación del gobierno español en el archipiélago del Océano Atlántico confirmó el lunes que todas las 830 personas que permanecían el viernes en el muelle de Arguineguín, en la costa suroeste de la isla Gran Canaria, habían sido trasladadas a otras instalaciones el domingo por la noche. – A survey on their distribution, biology and ecology (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea), Official Tourism Website of the Canary Islands, Archaeological Museum of Puerto de la Cruz, Castle of San Cristóbal (Santa Cruz de Tenerife), Museo Municipal de Bellas Artes de Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Canary_Islands&oldid=999518947, NUTS 1 statistical regions of the European Union, NUTS 2 statistical regions of the European Union, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2018, Pages using Sister project links with wikidata mismatch, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Part of the La Palma Biosphere Reserve since 2002, Part of the Lanzarote Biosphere Reserve since 1993, Day of the autonomous community. This phase of the conquest came to an end in the year 1496, with the dominion of the island of Tenerife, bringing the entire Canarian Archipelago under the control of the Crown of Castile. La situación epidemiológica de la isla, que ya supera los 10.000 casos acumulados de coronavirus, obliga a aumentar las restricciones. A partir de estas elecciones, se abre en Canarias un período de preautonomía. Canarian time is Western European Time (WET) (or GMT; in summer one hour ahead of GMT). (EUROPA PRESS) - El presidente de Canarias, Ángel Víctor Torres, ha rechazado las voces que dicen que el Gobierno de España "machaca" a las islas … The island of Fuerteventura is the second largest in the archipelago and located 100 km (62 mi) from the African coast. Geologically it is one of the oldest of the archipelago. Contador de coronavirus con nuevos casos, fallecidos y número de pruebas. [74], During the Second World War, Winston Churchill prepared plans for the British seizure of the Canary Islands as a naval base, in the event of Gibraltar being invaded from the Spanish mainland.[n. Consequently, some products are subject to additional VAT if being exported from the islands into mainland Spain or the rest of the EU. The parks are:[49]. El artículo 27 dice que «1. [118] Tenerife 6,204,499 passengers and Gran Canaria 5,011,176 passengers. La Junta Suprema de Canarias. The port of Los Cristianos (Tenerife) has the greatest number of passengers recorded in the Canary Islands, followed by the port of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Santa Cruz De Tenerife", "Valores climatológicos normales. El Gobierno de Canarias declara la alerta por olas de hasta cinco metros en la costa norte de las islas. Its capital is Valverde. [97] Minority religions are also present such as the Church of the Guanche People which is classified as a neo-pagan native religion. The capital, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (377,203 inhabitants), is the most populous city and shares the status of capital of the Canaries with Santa Cruz de Tenerife. However, the ocean liner broke apart after the course of several years and eventually sank beneath the surface. The name Islas Canarias is likely derived from the Latin name Canariae Insulae, meaning "Islands of the Dogs", a name that was evidently generalized from the ancient name of one of these islands, Canaria – presumably Gran Canaria. In 2018 La Graciosa officially became the eighth Canary Island. San Cristóbal de La Laguna, the second city of the island is home to the oldest university in the Canary Islands, the University of La Laguna. El Gobierno de Canarias prolonga una semana más el toque de queda en Tenerife. The connection to dogs is retained in their depiction on the islands' coat-of-arms. Civilian architecture survives in forms such as Casas de los Sánchez-Ochando or Casa Quintana. [2] The total area of the archipelago is 7,493 km2 (2,893 sq mi),[90] resulting in a population density of 287.4 inhabitants per square kilometre. The British were repulsed, losing almost 400 men. [105], To bring in revenue for environmental protection, innovation, training and water sanitation a tourist tax was considered in 2018, along with a doubling of the ecotax and restrictions on holiday rents in the zones with the greatest pressure of demand. [15] Between the 1833 territorial division of Spain and 1927, Santa Cruz de Tenerife was the sole capital of the Canary Islands. In 1479, Portugal and Castile signed the Treaty of Alcáçovas, which settled disputes between Castile and Portugal over the control of the Atlantic. Deeply entrenched traditions, such as the Mascaras Festival in the town of Hatillo, Puerto Rico, are an example of Canarian culture still preserved in Puerto Rico. The largest airport is the Gran Canaria Airport. Datos históricos e información. En el resto de islas canarias las restricciones son menos severas. [97] Also present are Buddhism,[97] Judaism,[97] Baháʼí,[97] African religion,[97] and Chinese religions. La Palma Aeropuerto", "Finalizada la erupción submarina que se inició en octubre en El Hierro", "El Teide, el parque más visitado de Europa y el segundo del mundo", "El parque nacional del Teide es el primero más visitado de Europa y el segundo del mundo", "El Teide (Tenerife) es el parque nacional más visitado de Canarias con 2,8 millones de visitantes en 2008", "Official Website of Tenerife Tourism Corporation", "Ley 7/1991, de 30 de abril, de símbolos de la naturaleza para las Islas Canarias – in Spanish", "Mapa Físico de España (Physical Map of Spain)", "Investidura de Ángel Víctor Torres como presidente de Canarias", "Comienza la X Legislatura en el Parlamento canario con 70 diputados", "Senators by geographical origin, Comunidad Autónoma de Canarias", "Barómetro Autonómico (III), (Comunidad autónoma de Canarias)", "Según la Página Web del Gobierno de Canarias", "Old World Contacts/Colonists/Canary Islands", "El comercio canario-americano en el siglo XVIII (I parte)", "Handbook of Texas Online – Canary Islanders", "Los Isleños Heritage & Cultural Society website", "Montesinos Sirera, Jose Luis and Jurgen Renn (2004), "La represión franquista en Canarias: una guerra de 40 años", "Parlamento de Canarias - Parlamento de Canarias", "San Marcial de Rubicón y los obispados de Canarias", "Archivo Intermedio Militar de Canarias. Despite Pope Nicholas V ruling that the Canary Islands were under Portuguese control, the crisis swelled to a revolt which lasted until 1459 with the final expulsion of the Portuguese. The most famous festivals of the Canary Islands is the carnival. The Dutch attacked the Castillo de la Luz, which guarded the harbor. In center of the island lie the Roque Nublo 1,813 metres (5,948 feet) and Pico de las Nieves ("Peak of Snow") 1,949 metres (6,394 feet). La Palma, with 81,863 inhabitants covering an area of 708.32 km2 (273.48 sq mi), is in its entirety a biosphere reserve. Esta decisión se toma teniendo en cuenta la información facilitada por la Agencia … El empeoramiento de los casos de coronavirus en Canarias, y sobre todo en Tenerife, ha llevado al gobierno regional a endurecer el miércoles las medidas de cara a la Navidad. Water resources are also being overexploited, due to the high water usage by tourists. [116] The island of Tenerife gathers the highest passenger movement of all the Canary Islands through its two airports. Consejería de Transición Ecológica, Lucha contra el Cambio Climático y Planificación Territorial. Finally, with the Statute of Autonomy of the Canary Islands in 1982 and the creation of the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands, the capital of the archipelago between Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife is fixed, which is how it remains today. El presidente se mostró convencido de que el Ministerio de Hacienda atenderá a todas las exigencias de su Gobierno, del Parlamento de Canarias y del sector empresarial de las Islas, recordando que se trata de un quinto año añadido a los cuatro de rigor por los efectos de la COVID. [111], The Canary Islands have eight airports altogether, two of the main ports of Spain, and an extensive network of autopistas (highways) and other roads. It has a population of 113,275. According to the historian Pliny the Elder, the island Canaria contained "vast multitudes of dogs of very large size". Ordered from west to east, the Canary Islands are El Hierro, La Palma, La Gomera, Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote and La Graciosa. Two Catholic saints were born in the Canary Islands: Peter of Saint Joseph de Betancur[95] and José de Anchieta. Commemoration of the birth of, Monday following the first Saturday of October. 2. Many of the plant species in the Canary Islands, like the Canary Island pine and the dragon tree, Dracaena draco are endemic, as noted by Sabin Berthelot and Philip Barker Webb in their work, L'Histoire Naturelle des Îles Canaries (1835–50).[31]. Binter colabora con el Gobierno de Canarias en la operativa necesaria para garantizar el transporte, en condiciones óptimas, de las vacunas contra el COVID-19 a las distintas islas, impulsando la campaña de vacunación que comenzó el pasado domingo en el Archipiélago. The Dutch concentrated on Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, attempting to burn it down. El Gobierno de Canarias, a través de la Dirección General de Seguridad y Emergencias, declara la situación de Alerta por Viento en El Hierro, La Palma, La Gomera, Tenerife y Gran Canaria a partir de las 00:00 horas del 6 de enero. Hooded seals[130] have also been known to be vagrant in the Canary Islands every now and then. [129] The other four are the green sea turtle, hawksbill sea turtle, leatherback sea turtle and Kemp's ridley sea turtle. [72] The rivalry between the cities of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife for the capital of the islands led to the division of the archipelago into two provinces on 23 September 1927.[73]. Repsol at the time said the area could ultimately produce 100,000 barrels of oil a day, which would meet 10 percent of Spain's energy needs. The islands experienced continuous growth during a 20-year period, up until 2001, at a rate of approximately 5% annually. Furious, the Dutch sent 4,000 soldiers to attack the Council of the Canaries, who were sheltering in the village of Santa Brígida. The political capital of the archipelago did not exist as such until the nineteenth century. Se encuentra usted en la sede electrónica del Gobierno de Canarias. A unique form of wrestling known as Canarian wrestling (lucha canaria) has opponents stand in a special area called a "terrero" and try to throw each other to the ground using strength and quick movements. With 29 km2 (11 sq mi), La Graciosa, is the smallest inhabited island of the Canaries, and the major island of the Chinijo Archipelago. The overwhelming majority of native Canarians are Roman Catholic (76.7%)[94] with various smaller foreign-born populations of other Christian beliefs such as Protestants. El Gobierno aplica el "modelo Lesbos" en las Islas Canarias, congelando los traslados a la península y multiplicando los campamentos "temporales" para facilitar su expulsión Teide influenced many subsequent expeditions. Also known as Ferro, it was once believed to be the westernmost land in the world. Tenerife has two airports, Tenerife North Airport and Tenerife South Airport. Die Kanarischen Inseln (spanisch Islas Canarias) oder Kanaren sind eine geologisch zu Afrika, politisch zu Spanien (und damit zur EU) und biogeografisch zu Makaronesien gehörende, aus acht bewohnten und einer Reihe unbewohnter Inseln bestehende Inselgruppe im östlichen Zentralatlantik, etwa 100 bis 500 Kilometer westlich der Küste von Marokko. It has a surface of 845.94 km2 (326.62 sq mi), and a population of 149,183 inhabitants, including the adjacent islets of the Chinijo Archipelago. These solutions depend largely on controlling water use and on demand management. Canarias; Sanidad; El Gobierno de Canarias impone el test negativo de COVID para entrar en las Islas. Volcanic islands such as those in the Canary chain often have steep ocean cliffs caused by catastrophic debris avalanches and landslides.[42]. [139], Another sport is the "game of the sticks" where opponents fence with long sticks. 2. Gran Canaria is known as a "continent in miniature" for its diverse landscapes like Maspalomas and Roque Nublo. Pero el alzamiento militar del 18 de julio, la Guerra Civil Española interrumpe este proceso, que volvería a reanudarse cuarenta años después con la restauración de la democracia. Desde hace más de quinientos años, tras su anexión por parte de la Corona de Castilla, las Islas Canarias han merecido una atención especial debido a factores que la diferenciaban de las regiones de la España peninsular, tales como la insularidad, la fragmentación de su territorio la falta de recursos naturales y la lejanía del continente europeo. Consejería de Obras Públicas, Transportes y Vivienda. In this era, the first institutions of colonial government were founded. LAS PALMAS DE GRAN CANARIA, 8 Ene. The carnival is celebrated in all the islands and all its municipalities, perhaps the two busiest are those of the two Canarian capitals; the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Tourist Festival of International Interest) and the Carnival of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. According to the position of the islands with respect to the north-east trade winds, the climate can be mild and wet or very dry. Governance and a change in the world, the boundary determines the ownership of seabed oil deposits and other resources... Being exported from the city, and it has shown evidence of recent volcanic activity, though..., being a combination of North Atlantic, Mediterranean and endemic species in 1983 the... Acceso a la web de Transparencia de la Consejería de Transición Ecológica, Lucha contra el Cambio Climático y Territorial. 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